Mongolia is located in the central Asia and has a vast territory of relatively unspoiled natural habitats, including boreal forest, steppe grassland, semi-desert, as well as many important wetlands. Mongolia is an important country for breeding birds, and avian biomass increases four or five times in autumn compared with spring and there are totally 70 Important Bird Areas registered based on the surveys. About 500 bird species have been recorded in Mongolia. Out of 80 percent is migratory and 81 species are resident. In addition, 247 species of migratory birds breed in Mongolia, more than 10 species are winter visitors from Siberia. Four major global migratory routes have been recognized in Mongolia: the East Asia-Australasia flyway; the Central Asia flyway; the West Pacific flyway; and the Africa-Eurasia flyway. Of these, the former two account for the majority of bird migration. Currently, more than 220 species of birds have been recorded around Ulaanbaatar. Here are some of the following migratory and endangered birds in international that occur during the breeding season in Ulaanbaatar city and its surroundings: The 5 key birding sites in surrounding area of Ulaanbaatar are: Songino Mountain: Situated near Songino Resort and fruit trees cultivated around the resorts attract high number of birds. Therefore, bird species diversity is relatively high throughout the year. The Songino is our most favored site to visit in the winter and during migration season.
“Khun” Lake: The lake locates in eastern foothills of the Songino Mountain and west side of the newly established “Auto Market” provides essential breeding and roosting habitat for many waterfowl species during both breeding and migration season.
Zaisan Valley in the Bogd Khan Mountain: Going up from Zaisan valley, both Zuun and Baruunshiree valley can be most suitable site to observe typical forest passerines, especially woodpeckers.
Tuul River: Important habitat for many bird species inhabit close to river and riparian forest. Recommend to walk along the river from Marshal Bridge until Gachuurt Village for better observation.
SharKhooloi Valley at Gachuurt Village: The diversity of the bird species occur in this Valley is similar to Zaisan in Bogd Mountain, however it offers some special species that you cannot see in Zaisan valley such as Siberian Tit, Siberian Jay, Ural owl, Black-billed Capercaillie and Hazel Grouse. It situated about 25km to north from Gachuurt Bus Station.
Address: Mongolian Bird Conservation Center: Office 702, Undram Plaza, II khoroo, Ikhtoiruu, Bayanzurkh District, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
Email: [email protected];
Facebook page: www.facebook.com/Mongolian-Bird-Conservation-Center